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Bulgarian Journal of Soil Science, Agrochemistry and Ecology
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NPK partitioning, growth, yield and proximate composition of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) under water deficit stress
Isiaka Kareem, Faseyi Anuoluwa Faith, Saliu Adeyemi Kareem, Abdulmaliq S. Y., Adekola O.F., Abdulkareem K.A., Olayinka B.U., AbdulAziz Ayinla, Alasinrin Sikiru Yusuf, Hakeem Abiodun Kuranga, Usman Magaji, Lawal M.T., Ahmed O., Lawal O.I., Bello W. B., Salami T. B., Ayeleke D.A., Azeez K.O., Olaniyan J.O., Affinnih K.O., Olalekan K.K.
Abstract: This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of drought stress on growth yield, NPK partitioning and nutritional composition of okra. To achieve this objective, four levels of water deficit stress (daily (control), a day interval, two days interval and three days interval irrigation) were tested on 17Lucky19 (hybrid) okra variety in a pot experiment. The experiment was laid out randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Parameters used to determine the effects of
water deficit stress were nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents of stems and leaves. Plant height, number of branches, number of leave, number of fruits, fresh fruit mass, dry straw mass, chlorophyll content, and proximate parameters (crude fat, crude fibre, crude protein and ash contents of the leaves) were also used. It was found that all the growth and yield parameters tested reduced with increase in water deficit levels. Similarly, all proximate parameters decreased with increase in water deficit levels with the exception of crude fibre which increased with increase in water deficit levels. In the same vein, nitrogen and potassium levels decreased with increase in water deficit levels in both leaves and stems. However, phosphorus levels in stems and leaves decreased with increase in water deficit levels. It is, therefore, concluded that 17Lucky19 is susceptible to water deficit stress. This implies that water deficit tolerant or resistant varieties should be used instead of 17Lucky19 whenever areas with irregular rainfall are to be used for cultivating this variety of okra.
Keywords: growth and yield; NPK partitioning; nutritional qualities; okra; Water deficit stress
Date published: 2020-09-11
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